Paragraph on Environment Pollution ~ Ofuran

Paragraph on Environment Pollution

Environmental Pollution

Environmental Pollution is the contamination of Earth’s environment with materials that interfere with human health, the quality of life, or the natural functioning of ecosystems (living organisms and their physical surroundings). Although some environmental pollution is a result of natural causes such as volcanic eruptions, most are caused by human activities. Air pollution is the release of chemicals such as carbon monoxide, sulphur dioxide, chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), and nitrogen oxides produced by industry and motor vehicles into the atmosphere. Water pollution occurs via surface runoff and leaching to groundwater. Soil contamination occurs when chemicals are released by spill or underground storage tank leakage. Radioactive contamination added in the wake of 20th-century discoveries in atomic physics. Noise pollution encompasses roadway noise, aircraft noise, industrial noise as well as high-intensity sonar. Light pollution includes light trespass, over-illumination and astronomical interference. Thermal Pollution is a temperature change in natural water bodies caused by human influence. Air pollution can cause respiratory disease, cardiovascular disease, throat inflammation, chest pain and congestion. Water pollution causes approximately 14,000 deaths per day, mostly due to contamination of drinking water by untreated sewage in developing countries. Oil spills can cause skin irritations and rashes. Noise pollution induces hearing loss, high blood pressure, stress and sleep disturbance.To protect the environment from the adverse effects of pollution, The United States, Europe, The United Kingdom, China, Australia, India and many nations worldwide have enacted legislation to regulate various types of pollution as well as to mitigate the adverse effects of pollution. Regulations and legislation have led to considerable progress in cleaning up some air and water pollution in developed countries. To avoid ecological disaster and increased poverty, developing countries will require aid and technology from outside nations and corporations, community participation in development initiatives, and strong environmental regulations. ‘Greenpeace’ and ‘Friends of the Earth International’ are two activist organizations that focus international attention on industries and governments known to contaminate land, sea, or atmosphere with toxic or solid wastes. For a healthier survival, human concerns include the range from quality of life to health hazards due to environmental pollution.